NEOVENATOR
3 days ago
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1. We do not want war
2. The opposite party alone is guilty of war
3. The enemy is the face of the devil.
4. We defend a noble cause, not our own interest
5. The enemy systematically commits cruelties; our mishaps are involuntary
6. The enemy uses forbidden weapons
7. We suffer small losses, those of the enemy are enormous
8. Artists and intellectuals back our cause
9. Our cause is sacred
10. All who doubt our propaganda, are traitors
»Truth is the first casualty when war is declared | 972 Magazine
2 weeks ago
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Here ethics offer a solution. An ethical life is one in which we identify ourselves with other, larger, goals, thereby giving meaning to our lives. The view that there is harmony between ethics and enlightened self-interest is an ancient one, now often scorned. Cynicism is more fashionable than idealism. But such hopes are not groundless, and there are substantial elements of truth in the ancient view that an ethically reflective life is also a good life for the person leading it. Never has it been so urgent that the reasons for accepting this view should be widely understood. »The Drowning Child and the Expanding Circle, by Peter Singer
3 weeks ago
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Having first excitedly and, over the last few years, numbly sat through many of these keynotes, I no longer see the appeal. An expensive but less feature-rich facsimile of a device I already have? Another screen to charge, manage, update, and respond to as it pushes notifications at me? It doesn’t quite seem enough that I can send sketches or tweets from my wrist. Nor does it seem empowering that, owing to the device’s small surface area, it encourages you to use canned messages to respond to friend’s chats. »Apple’s Watch Is Like a Personalized Mood Ring | New Republic
3 weeks ago
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We labeled this pattern of responses “naïve dualism.” This is the belief that acts are brought about either by intentions or by the physical laws that govern our brains and that those two types of causes — psychological and biological — are categorically distinct. People are responsible for actions resulting from one but not the other. (In citing neuroscience, the Supreme Court may have been guilty of naïve dualism: did it really need brain evidence to conclude that adolescents are immature?) Naïve dualism is misguided. “Was the cause psychological or biological?” is the wrong question when assigning responsibility for an action. All psychological states are also biological ones. »Neuroscience and Moral Responsibility - NYTimes.com
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As it turns out, reproductive strategies – most behavioral strategies, in fact – are widely variable, and you see a pretty stable constellation of them in any given population. Rather than try to promote the idea that one particular strategy is the only one any successful person would think of using, we should be identifying, appreciating, and understanding this variation. »5 Ways to Make Progress in Evolutionary Psychology: Smash, Not Match, Stereotypes | Context and Variation, Scientific American Blog Network
3 weeks ago
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For Eberstadt, who is seeking an explanation for Russia’s half-century-long period of demographic regress rather than simply the mortality crisis of the 1990s, the issue of mental health also furnishes a kind of answer. While he suggests that more research is needed to prove the link, he finds that “a relationship does exist” between the mortality mystery and the psychological well-being of Russians:

Suffice it to say we would never expect to find premature mortality on the Russian scale in a society with Russia’s present income and educational profiles and typically Western readings on trust, happiness, radius of voluntary association, and other factors adduced to represent social capital.

»The Dying Russians by Masha Gessen | NYRblog | The New York Review of Books
3 weeks ago
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Most men are not creeps, and they have a powerful role to play here. During a field trip at a journalism conference a few years ago, I had an engaging conversation with a keynote speaker. As we parted, he told me, in front of two other men, “Your husband shouldn’t let you out of the house.” The two bystanders brushed off this insulting attempt at a compliment. It was easier for them to let it go than to call out a friend, and their behavior said it was all right to treat me like that. Whether harassment or discrimination takes place at a field site in Costa Rica or in a conference room, the problem will not be solved with new rules archived on unread websites. The responsibility for pushing back should not rest solely with the victims. Solutions require a change of culture that can happen only from within. »Harassment in Science, Replicated
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